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Italy Becomes First Developed Nation To Join China’s New Silk Road Project


LAHORE MIRROR (Monitoring Desk)– Italy has formally joined China’s New Silk Road Project, a global investment programme which has raised concerns among Italy’s Western allies.

A total of 29 deals valuing €2.5bn ($2.8bn) were signed during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Rome.

The project is seen as a new Silk Road which, just like the ancient trade route, aims to link China to Europe.

Italy’s European Union allies and the United States have expressed concern at China’s growing influence.

The new Silk Road has another name – the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – and it involves a wave of Chinese funding for major infrastructure projects around the world, in a bid to speed Chinese goods to markets further afield. Critics see it as also representing a bold bid for geo-political and strategic influence.

It has already funded trains, roads, and ports, with Chinese construction firms given lucrative contracts to connect ports and cities – funded by loans from Chinese banks.

A map shows the overland and sea routes from China to Europe - the overland routes stretches from Xian in China's east, to Samarkand, Moscow, and Rotterdam; the sea route from Fuzhou port to Kolkata in India and Nairobi in Africa before reaching Italy

The levels of debt owed by African and South Asian nations to China have raised concerns in the West and among citizens – but roads and railways have been built that would not exist otherwise:

  • In Uganda, Chinese millions built a 50km (30 mile) road to the international airport
  • In Tanzania, a small coastal town may become the continent’s largest port
  • In Europe too, Chinese firms managed to buy 51% of the port authority in Piraeus port near Athens in 2016, after years of economic crisis in Greece

Projects signed in Rome

On behalf of Italy, Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio, leader of the populist Five Star Movement, signed the umbrella deal (memorandum of intent) making Italy formally part of the Economic Silk Road and The Initiative for a Maritime Silk Road for the 21st Century.

Ministers then signed deals over energy, finance, and agricultural produce, followed by the heads of big Italian gas and energy, and engineering firms – which will be offered entry into the Chinese market.

China’s Communications and Construction Company will be given access to the port of Trieste to enable links to central and eastern Europe. The Chinese will also be involved in developing the port of Genoa.

How Will Italy Benefit?

Italy is the first member of the G7 group of developed world economies to take money offered by China.

It is one of the world’s top 10 largest economies – yet Rome finds itself in a curious situation.

The collapse of the Genoa bridge in August killed dozens of people and made Italy’s crumbling infrastructure a major political issue for the first time in decades.

And Italy’s economy is far from booming.

The country slipped into recession at the end of 2018, and its national debt levels are among the highest in the eurozone. Italy’s populist government came to power in June 2018 with high-spending plans but had to peg them back after a stand-off with the EU.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte hailed the deals.

“Italy and China should develop more efficient ties and build better relations,” Mr Conte said at the signing ceremony.

There is, however, dissent within his government. Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini, who heads the right-wing League, was conspicuously absent from all official ceremonies.

Mr Salvini has warned that he does not want to see foreign businesses “colonising” Italy.

“Before allowing someone to invest in the ports of Trieste or Genoa, I would think about it not once but a hundred times,” Mr Salvini warned.

What China Will Have From Pact?

The “made in Italy” label carries a reputation for quality worldwide, and is legally protected for products items processed “mainly” in Italy.

In recent years, Chinese factories based in Italy using Chinese labour have been challenging that mark of quality.

Better connections for cheap raw materials from China – and the return of finished products from Italy – could exaggerate that practice.